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How Should You Update Your Retirement Plan Over Time?

Key Takeaways

  • Making small, regular increases to your retirement contributions helps grow your nest egg while limiting the impact on your budget.
  • Raising your contributions by 1% of your annual salary each year is a good rule of thumb.
  • Once you reach the yearly contribution limit for your retirement account, you could open another type of account to make further contributions.

So you’ve decided to start saving for the future by setting up your first retirement account. Give yourself a pat on the back — it was a smart decision. You’re making your future a priority, and, depending on when you start contributing, time and compound interest are working in your favor.

Your work is done here, right? Not exactly.

Starting to save was your first hurdle; the next step is to set up a plan to gradually increase your contributions so you’re in the best position to live out your dream retirement. Sure, you could set a contribution amount in your 20s and never increase, but it’s probably unrealistic to expect that to be enough 40 years later when you’re ready to ride off into the sunset.

Over the course of your career, your income is expected to increase as you move up the ladder. As a result, if you’re contributing, say, 6% of your annual salary to a 401(k), IRA, or other retirement account, the dollar amount going to your retirement fund will increase along with your salary. That’s good news! The more you contribute to your retirement, the better chance you have to achieve your retirement goals.

However, there’s more you can do to help your retirement cause. What if you gradually increase your rate of contribution on a regular basis? The 1% rule can help. This rule of thumb involves raising your retirement contributions by 1% of your annual salary every year. The strategy rests on two pillars:

  1. You’re contributing more to your retirement every year, and
  2. The changes in your monthly contributions are so minor that they don’t derail your overall budget.

But 1% percent? What kind of impact can that make?

The answer? A big one.

The 1% rule in action

To see the impact, let’s consider the following example.

Let’s say you’re 30 years old, have an annual salary of $50,000, and started contributing 5% of your salary to your 401(k) this year. Every five years, your salary grows about $10,000 (via raises, promotions, or moving to new companies).

Consider the following examples of retirement plans. The only difference between them is how often the contributions increase:

Percentage Increase

Frequency of Increase

Total Contributions

Balance at 45

1%

Annually

$129,000

$191,309

5%

Once every five years

$111,000

$162,652

0%

Never

$49,000

$81,688

*Example assumes a hypothetical 7% annual rate of return, compounded annually.

As you can see, the 1% rule takes the cake. Making small increases every year yields a greater return in the example, plus it’s easier to manage those small changes to your budget.

Don’t forget about 401(k) and IRA contribution limits

Always keep in mind that your account has yearly contribution limits. In 2018, the annual contribution limit for a 401(k) is $18,500 (or $24,500 if you’re 50 or older); for IRAs, it’s $5,500 ($6,500 if you’re 50 or older).

If you reach the annual limit, you may have other options to continue saving, like opening another type of retirement account. So if you’re 45 and you’ve reached the $18,500 limit in your 401(k), you can open a Roth IRA to allot any further contributions (provided you are within the income limits).

What to remember

Reaching your dream retirement takes proper planning, so find the strategy that best suits your budget and goals, and then get started. The 1% rule allows you to increase your retirement contributions while limiting the impact on your monthly budget. Remember, you can always go back and change your retirement contributions at any time, for any reason.

More information

Everyone has their own expectations and goals for retirement. How to get there can be difficult to understand. To learn how we can help you prepare for the retirement you want, schedule a Citizens Retirement Checkup® at your nearest Citizens Bank branch.

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