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If you're planning to buy a house or budgeting for existing mortgage payments, you may wonder how refinancing student loans will affect your debt management. When you choose to refinance, you're essentially trading in one or more federal and/or private student loans for a new loan with a new interest rate, payment amount and repayment length. Here's how a refinance loan could help potential and current homeowners manage their finances to save for mortgage payments.
When you're applying for a loan, lenders analyze your debt-to-income ratio — the amount of income you have coming in compared to the total debt that you hold — to determine your risk as a borrower. A higher debt-to-income ratio tells lenders there isn't enough room in your budget to afford another debt, while a low ratio indicates that you can afford an additional monthly payment. Refinancing your current student loans could help keep your debt-to-income ratio low before shopping for a mortgage. Here's more details on how to calculate debt-to-income ratio and an example of how it works:
DTI = MDP / GMI
As an example, let's say that you have four student loans. Each student loan mandates a $200 payment each month ($800 per month), but you also have monthly credit card payments that total $100. Your monthly gross income is $2,000.
Typically lenders do not disclose the maximum debt-to-income they will approve, but the 45% debt-to-income ratio is high considering most loan applicants with debt-to-income ratios over 43% are either not approved or incur high interest rates. Refinancing one or more of the student loans from the example may substantially reduce your debt-to-income ratio and lower your monthly payments. You should take steps to lower your debt-to-income ratio as much as possible before applying to refinance or consolidate your student loans, since private lenders also prefer low ratios and good credit.
Refinancing student loans could make a big difference in your monthly budget. When you refinance multiple student loans, you combine several payments into one and potentially lower your total monthly payment. You can put the extra monthly cash toward your savings or debt reduction goals. Before refinancing, always compare the features and benefits of your existing loans with those of your new loan.
When planning your monthly expenses, you could use the money saved to make extra payments on your mortgage. Prepaying on a mortgage will reduce the length of time needed to pay it off and the amount of interest you'll pay overall.
You could also use the money saved to pay down your other debts. Paying down your credit card balances is an effective way to both lower your debt-to-income ratio and increase your credit score, both of which are beneficial when applying for a mortgage. If you don't have many debts, consider investing the extra money in an interest-bearing account that can someday be used for a down payment on a home.
We are committed to helping you reach your potential. To learn more about how refinancing your student loans could help you reach your saving goals, check out our refinance calculator, call 866-999-0142 to speak with one of our Student Lending Specialists, or visit your nearest Citizens Bank branch.
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